Snow On Helvellyn Summit
Snow On Helvellyn Summit

Walks By Keyword / Analysis: Cumbria, Helvellyn, Lake District, Triangulation Point

A Few Facts About Helvellyn

General Facts -
This is my most favourite fell in the Lake District due to it's location and accessibility. Helvellyn (Archaic: Helvillon, probably from Cumbric: hal (moor) + velyn (yellow)) is a mountain in the Lake District the apex of the Eastern Fells. At 950 metres (3,117 feet) above sea level it is the third highest peak in both the Lake District and England. The traditional border of Cumberland and Westmorland lies along the Helvellyn Ridge.

Location -
The peak of Helvellyn is the highest on the north-south ridge situated between the Thirlmere valley to the west and Patterdale to the east. This ridge continues north over Helvellyn Lower Man, White Side, Raise, Stybarrow Dodd, Great Dodd and Clough Head, and south leads to Nethermost Pike and Dollywaggon Pike. The eastern side of the fell is geographically the most dramatic. Two sharp arêtes lead off the summit Striding Edge and Swirral Edge either side of Red Tarn. The knife-edged Striding Edge provides one of the best-known scrambles in Lakeland while the Swirral Edge ridge leads to the conical summit of Catstycam. Nestling between the encircling arms of Helvellyn's two edges is Red Tarn. This pool is named for the colour of the surrounding screes rather than its water and contains brown trout and schelly a fresh-water herring. The depth of Red Tarn is now about 80 feet (25 metres) although in the mid-19th century it was dammed with boulders to increase capacity. This was carried out to provide additional water to the Greenside lead mine in Glenridding and the water race is still visible as it crosses the slope of Birkhouse Moor.

Summit -
The summit of Helvellyn takes the form of a broad plateau about 500 metres (1,640 feet) long. The highest point is marked by a cairn and just below is a cross-shaped dry stone shelter. To the north is an Ordnance Survey trig point slightly lower than the summit at 949 metres (3,114 feet).
Links To Walks

Hill / Mountain Class(s)
Birkett, Bridge, Buxton & Lewis, County Top, Easten Fell, English Nuttall, Fellranger, Furth, Hewitt, Historic County Top, HuMP, Marilyn, Nuttall, Sim, Synge, Trail 100, Tump, Wainwright

Hill / Mountain Details